State of the Vatican City is known as the smallest country in the world, both by territory and population. About 900 people live here, and its total territory is approx 44 hectares. Most citizens either live inside the Vatican’s walls or serve in the diplomatic service in the Embassies of different countries, representing the Holy See. City-state of Vatican exists from 1929, and since then it’s known for being a territory of Holy See – Roman Catholic Church.
The head of the state is the Pope who is also the head of the government of Vatican City. The residence of Papa is Papal Apartments of the Papal Palace which is found just off St Peter’s Square. On the territory of the city-state of Vatican you can find a number of places of interest. For example, Vatican Library and the rich collection of the Vatican Museum have high cultural, historical and scientific value. Sistine Chapel is world-famous treasure. Magnificent Basilica of St Peter add a unique view to this small city. Due to these reasons in 1984 Vatican was even added to the list of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.